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Retinal Degeneration and Ophthalmology Oncology

The retina is located inside the eye and contains specialized cells called photoreceptors that detect light and send signals to the brain, which are then interpreted as vision. The retina is highly complex, and there are many disease processes that can affect its function.

The retina relies on an intricate network of blood vessels for nourishment; therefore, any disease that damages the blood vessels, such as hypertension (high blood pressure) or diabetes, can also damage vision. In some advanced cases, hypertension and diabetes can cause decreased blood flow to the retina, resulting in permanent vision loss.

Fortunately, there are several treatment options available to prevent irreversible vision loss. For those patients with hypertension and diabetes, it is imperative to get an annual dilated eye exam to asses for damage and determine the proper course of treatment.

Hypertension and diabetes, however, are just two of the many diseases that can cause damage to the retina. For example, macular degeneration is a commonly encountered disease, in which the macula — the center portion of the retina responsible for fine-detail vision — is damaged, resulting in increased difficulty with everyday activities such as reading and recognizing faces.

The specialists at Hamilton Eye Institute are trained in detecting and treating the full spectrum of retinal diseases and can offer the most advanced treatment options to prevent and treat loss of vision.

Oculoplastic and Ophthalmic Oncology

The oculofacial plastic, orbital and reconstructive surgery services at Hamilton Eye Institute specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the eyelids, eyebrow, orbit (eye socket), tear duct and mid-face. Our oculoplastic specialists work with various medical specialties, including ENT, plastic surgery, oral maxillofacial surgery, and neurosurgery to provide advanced state-of-the-art care.

Surgical procedures to treat these diseases are performed onsite at the Hamilton Eye Institute Surgery Center, providing our surgeons with the most advanced equipment and technology available. Our doctors also provide in-hospital surgical and medical care at multiple locations in the Memphis area, including Methodist University and Germantown Hospitals, Le Bonheur Children’s Hospital, Baptist Hospital–Memphis, and the Regional Medical Center.

We provide treatment options for Oculoplastic conditions to include:

  • Eyelid malpositions
  • Ptosis (drooping eyelids)
  • Ectropion (eyelid turning outward)
  • Entropion (eyelid turning inward)
  • Trichiasis (excess and misdirected eyelashes)
  • Eyelid and facial skin cancer
  • Basal cell carcinoma
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Sebaceous cell carcinoma
  • Melanoma
  • Orbital disease (tumors, inflammation, bulging eyes)
  • Thyroid eye disease (Graves disease)
  • Tear duct disorders
  • Trauma to the eye and/or face including facial fractures
  • Congenital oculoplastic disease
  • Cosmetic surgery
  • Eyelid lift
  • Eyebrow lift
  • Lower eyelid sculpting
  • Midface lift
  • Botox (more information)
  • Fillers (Juvéderm®, Restylane®)

Ocular Oncology

The ocular oncology service at Hamilton Eye Institute specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of both eye and orbital cancers. We offer state-of-the-art diagnostic imaging technology and technical expertise to accurately diagnose diseases and chart the proper course of treatment.

Our partnership with St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Methodist University Hospital, and The West Cancer Clinic gives our specialists access to multidisciplinary cancer treatment, composed of pediatric oncologists, medical oncologists, pathologists, and other surgical subspecialties, such as ENT, Neurosurgery, and Facial Plastics. Together, we work to provide the most comprehensive cancer treatment plan for our patients while minimizing potential side effects. These collaborative efforts also produce innovative research designed to enhance patient care.

Additionally, we are able to assist patients in locating housing during treatment through the American Cancer Society Hope Lodge.

Diseases managed by our ocular oncology service include:

  • Intraocular tumors
  • Uveal melanoma (choroidal, iris, ciliary body)
  • Suspicious nevus
  • Retinoblastoma
  • Metastasis from non-ocular cancers such as lung and breast
  • Vascular tumors
  • Lymphomas
  • Ocular surface (conjunctival) tumors
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Melanoma
  • Lymphoma
  • Eyelid tumors
  • Basal cell carcinoma
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Sebaceous cell carcinoma
  • Orbital tumors such as
  • Vascular tumors (hemangiomas and lymphangiomas)
  • Lacrimal gland tumors
  • Optic nerve tumors
  • Metastasis to the eye and periocular area
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