What is Podiatry?
A podiatrist is a health professional who deals with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of medical and surgical conditions of the feet and ankles. He or she provides a medical service for the feet and foot related conditions. A podiatrist has skills in general foot treatments but may have developed particular specialisms in nail surgery, biomechanical assessments and foot posture related pathologies.
What is the difference between a podiatrist and a chiropodist?
Both terms refer to practitioners who specialize in diagnosis and treatment of foot conditions.Since July 2005 both terms have been protected titles which means that they can only be used by practitioners who are registered with the Health Professions Council. Registration is itself dependent upon successful completion of a recognized course of training and a commitment to continued professional education.
What is an orthotic?
Orthotics are inserts put into the shoe to re-align the foot, to take pressure off certain areas of the foot, or to increase comfort.
Ankle sprains are caused by unnatural twisting or force on the ankle bones of the foot, often stretching or tearing one or more ligaments on the outside of the ankle.
Treatment | The most common treatment includes resting, elevation, and ice applied to the ankle. While some may require surgery, compressive bandages are an effective treatment in many cases.
Arthritis is the inflammation and swelling of the cartilage and lining of the joints, generally accompanied by an increase of fluid in the joints.
Treatment | Rest, anti-inflammatory medication, steroid injections, orthotics, physical therapy, and exercise are effective treatments.
A bunion is a bone deformity caused by an enlargement of the joint at the base and side of the big toe.
Treatment | Commonly used methods are protective padding, removal of corns or calluses, fitted footwear, orthotic devices, joint mobility exercises, and in more serious cases, surgery to remove the bunion.
A callus is an area of hard, thickened skin that can occur across the ball of the foot, on the heel, or on the outer side of the big toe, and are generally indicative of a problem with the bone.
Treatment | In most cases, calluses can be treated without surgery; however, surgery may be necessary to relieve the pain.
Corns are calluses that form on the toes because of bones that push up against shoes and build up pressure on the skin. The surface layer of the skin thickens, which irritates the tissues underneath.
Treatment | We can reduce the corns using debridement and in some instances, surgical correction is indicated.
Diabetes reduces blood flow, making injuries slow to heal. This process makes your wounds more at risk of infection. Charcot foot and ulcers could cause the deformation of your foot.
Treatment | The use of stem cell grafts and injections are being used for long term ulcers of the foot. Regular debridement and the use of topical medications are the most common treatment.
Flat foot occurs when the posterior tibial tendon becomes damaged or tears, which usually leads to the arch losing its stability and collapsing.
Treatment | The most common treatment of flat foot is custom orthotics or braces.
Stress fractures are tiny cracks in the bone surface usually in the bones of the forefoot extending from the toes to the middle of the foot. Bone fractures extend through the bone, and are usually the result of trauma.
Treatment | In most cases, these injuries will heal without operative treatment; however, seek medical attention for any suspected foot fracture.
Gout is caused by a buildup of the salts of uric acid in the joints, and is a form of arthritis.
Treatment | Acute gout can be treated with steroids and short term medications. Chronic gout may require long term medicines to reduce the uric acid.
Hammertoes is a bending of the joints of your toes that puts pressure on the toe when wearing shoes.
Treatment | Surgical correction is performed, and when caught early, complete correction and recovery is enhanced.
Heel fissures are the cracking of the skin on the heels, which causes the skin to thicken.
Treatment | The best treatment is wearing proper shoes and the use of skin moisturizers and lotions to reduce dryness.
Bone spurs are small outgrowths of bone that cause friction or irritation. They develop in the heel, near the toes, and on top of the big tow joint.
Treatment | Anti-inflammatory medications, cortisone injections, and orthotics are common treatments; however, surgery may be prescribed for severe or recurrent pain.
Ingrown toenails are caused by trimming toenails too short, shoe pressure, injury, fungus infection, or poor foot structure. They occur when the corners or sides of the toenail dig into the skin.
Treatment | In serious cases, surgery to remove part of the nail may be necessary.
Fungal nails are characterized by a change in the toenail’s color. Left untreated, it can present more serious problems.
Treatment | Depending on the type of infection, oral medications, removing the debris or removing the nail may be required.
A neuroma is an abnormality of a nerve that has been damaged either by trauma or as a result of an abnormality of the foot. They often occur in the ball of the foot, which causes pinched or inflamed nerves.
Treatment | The use of alcohol injections can often eliminate the symptoms of a Neuroma and reduces the use of surgical removal most of the time.
Plantar Fasciitis is the inflammation of the connective tissue in the bottom of the foot that extends from the heel bone to the toes, and causes heel pain.
Treatment | This condition is often treated with anti-inflammatory medications, ice packs, orthotic devices, and physical therapy. In persistent cases, Tenex or Extracorporeal Shock Wave Treatment may be used.
Routine Foot Maintenance
We recommend a maintenance check to ensure proper hygiene and to check for any issues with your feet.
Treatment | Maintenance involves the trimming of painful nails, corns, or calluses to help keep you active.
A wart is caused by a viral infection that invades the skin through small or invisible cuts and abrasions.
Treatment | Warts can be resistant to treatment and often reoccur. Our treatments range from prescription medications to laser cautery.
Treatment, assessments & advice related to:
Corn & Callous Verrucae (Plantar Warts)
Skin Disorders & Infections
Foot Health Education
Self Care Advice
Sports Injury Management
Systemic Disorders Advice, including diabetes, arthritic conditions, and those affecting the circulatory, nervous and musculoskeletal systems.
Foot Pain & Injuries
Injuries to foot, ankle, shin